Biography of Prof. Satyendra Nath Bose

Life History and Contributions

Satyendranath (born on 01.01.1894) was the eldest of Amodini and Surendranath’s seven children having six younger sisters. Satyendra Nath began his education at an elementary school in Calcutta before entering the Hindu School in 1907. It was here that his interest in mathematics and Science began. He joined Presidency College, Calcutta in 1909 for higher studies. The period of his stay in Presidency College shaped his future life. Some of the most renowned scientists like Meghnad Saha, J. C. Ghosh, J. N. Mukherjee were his classmates. In all the examinations (the intermediate, the B.Sc. and M.Sc.) he annexed the first rank.

At the age of 20 he married to Usha Devi. After completing M.Sc. in the year 1915 he started his career in 1916 as a Lecturer in Calcutta University, when University started M.Sc classes in Modern Mathematics and modern Physics. He joined Dacca University in 1921 as a Reader in Physics. While serving in his post, he wrote a short article relating to Physics. The article on ‘Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta’ was sent to Albert Einstein who translated it into German language and sent it for publication to a famous German periodical which ultimately gave birth to famous Bose-Einstein theory.

In the year 1924, Bose went to Paris and conducted research in the laboratory of Madam Curie. Next year he went to Berlin to join Einstein to work with him. Satyendranath Bose joined Dacca University again on 1926 as professor and Head of the Department of Physics and served there for nearly twenty-five years. In 1945 he was appointed as Khaina Professor of Physics in Calcutta University. He retired from Calcutta University in 1956. University honored him by re-appointing him as Emeritus Professor. Later he became Vice Chancellor of Viswa Bharati University. In the year 1958, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society, London. In the year 1958, he was appointed as national Professor and represented India on many international committees. The scope of his research was vast and varied. His main field of work was mathematical Physics. He successfully carried on research in Science and discovered Boson and Bose gas.

Bose understood the importance of Indian languages. He was of opinion that if science is to be understood by the laymen, it is to be taught in the mother tongue. He founded the Science Association ‘Bangiya Bijnan Parishad’ in Bengal in the year 1948. He was one of those champions who fought for the introduction of the mother tongue as the medium if instruction. In India Scientists of the Calibre of Satyendranath Bose are rare. He was the president of the National Institute of Science. The Govt. of India conferred the ‘Padma Bibhushan’ award on him in the year 1954. The death of Bose at the age of 80 on 4th February 1974 was a great loss not only to India but also to the whole world of Science.